The Science-Management Framework (Framework) identifies the process by which the CA LCC provides scientific support for natural resource managers to incorporate climate-smart* conservation strategies into their management actions. This 5-year Framework is part of the CA LCC Strategic Plan, developed with the assistance of the Science-Management Team and adopted by the Steering Committee.
LCCs have produced a wealth of informational documents, reports, fact sheets, webinars and more to help support resource managers in designing and delivering conservation at landscape scales.
In order to focus our effort on science needs common to multiple to managers we initiated a strategic science planning process for the ABSI region in 2011. We began by compiling over 50 existing research and management plans relevant to the Aleutians and Bering Sea. These plans range from single and multi-species management plans to those proposing strategies for ecosystem-wide management. Collectively, they represent a rich legacy of effort from countless resource managers and researchers.
This brochure explains how Landscape Conservation Cooperatives provide a way for States, Tribes, Federal agencies, non-governmental organizations, universities, natural resource-dependent businesses, private landowners, and other conservation partners to work together in a new way to address conservation challenges. LCCs bring partners together to identify conservation solutions. Building on knowledge and conservation work of existing partnerships, LCCs increase collective science and management capacity to address common conservation priorities.
Appalachian LCC Coordinator Jean Brennan, National LCC Coordinator Elsa Haubold, and National LCC Communication Coordinator Laura Maclean participated in a live broadcast that provided an update on the work of Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) to environmental educators.
The broadcast gave an overview on the LCC work to date and shared information on the many LCC environmental educational resources available for use by educators. The broadcast also included time for live interaction and Q&A with the presenters.
The Appalachian LCC has worked to define data and conservation science needs, invest in gathering foundational data and priority research, and build a coordinated network for those investments to pay off. Many of our funded research projects are now beginning to deliver important science information and tools to support landscape conservation for the valued natural and cultural resources in the Appalachians. This report highlights the many achievements of our partnership in these areas.
Speaker: Ted Toombs, Environmental Defense Fund
Danaus plexippus in the Southwest - Opening the Treasure of New Insights about Monarch Butterflies in the Deserts
Little was known about monarch butterflies in the Southwest region of the United States but new studies reveal a modest population with promising conservation implications. In this seminar we will discuss information about the monarch butterfly breeding, migration and overwintering strategies in the southwest region, favored Asclepias spp. and nectar sources, and the affect of climate change on the monarch's life-cycle.
About the presenter:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD), MoRap and other partners recently completed a seven-year project to map the current status of Texas' vegetation communities, the "Ecological Mapping Systems of Texas" (EMS-TX). This effort resulted in one of the largest statewide vegetation and abiotic datasets in the US.
Enterarse del proceso de Planeación y Diseño de Conservación del Paisaje de la DLCC. Este esfuerzo se enfoca en el desarrollo de metas y objetivos para la conservación colaborativa en el manejo de tres ecosistemas de enfoque dentro de nuestra región:
Learn more about the Desert LCC's landscape conservation planning and design process. This effort focuses on developing common conservation goals and objectives for managing three focal ecosystem types within our geographic area:
Reporting on activities and achievement for the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative in 2014.
Presenter: Dr. Lindsay Reynolds, Department of Biology, Colorado State University and U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins, CO
Co-authors: Dr. Patrick Shafroth, U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center and Dr. N. LeRoy Poff, Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
StreamStats (http://streamstats.usgs.gov) is a GIS-based Web application that was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as a decision-support system for use in resource conservation, planning and management activities, as well as for engineering and design purposes.
NOAA’s Climate Ready Great Lakes posted three training modules online designed to help create a Great Lakes region that is “climate ready.” These modules provide stakeholders and decision makers with clear information about the Great Lakes climate, as well as strategies on adaptation. This project was sponsored by the Great Lakes Sea Grant Network and the NOAA Great Lakes Regional Collaboration Team. Each module consists of a PowerPoint presentation and supplemental materials, including worksheets, handouts, and evaluation forms.
Pima County, Arizona is one of the fastest growing communities in the United States and is located in one of the most ecologically diverse areas of the country. In 1997, development activities were slowed as a result of the listing of the cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl (Glaucidium brasilianum cactorum) as a federally endangered species. This tiny owl became a catalyst for a landscape-level plan known as the Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan (SDCP).
Presenter: Megan Friggens, USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Albuquerque, NM
Extensive high-severity wildfires and drought-induced tree mortality have intensified over the last two decades in southwestern US forests and woodlands, on a scale unseen regionally since at least pre-1900. Abundant and diverse paleo-ecological and historical sources indicate substantial variability in Southwest fire regimes and forest patterns over the past ~10,000 years, providing context for recent fire trends.
This report describes the existing condition of the Gila River in the Cliff-Gila Valley and examines the potential impacts of CUFA diversion and climate change on the riparian and aquatic ecosystem. Scientists who have expertise in some aspect of the Gila River’s hydrology and ecology wrote and contributed to this assessment.
Fish species found in North American deserts represent some of the most unique, rare taxa in the world. Because these fishes live in aquatic “islands”- i.e., springs, streams and rivers separated from other water bodies by vast, harsh deserts- they have evolved to cope with life on the edge in their aquatic environments. Fish in arid lands are diverse, ranging from pupfish that inhabit small drying springs 40°C and almost five times the salinity of seawater; to some of the most southern trout species in North America; to the largest minnow in North America, a fish nearly 2 m long.
The southwest US is predicted to grow hotter and drier this century with the probability of a long-term megadrought becoming more likely. Vertebrate populations in the southwest US will either have to adapt to these harsher conditions, shift their ranges to newly suitable regions, or, in extreme cases, be assisted by humans.
Climate change and climate variability are increasingly becoming ubiquitous in natural resource management and research. Equally increasing are the datasets and sources for information relevant to such considerations of future climate. This webinar will provide an overview of some datasets and sources available to researchers and managers, with emphasis on an archive of climate projections and climate informed hydrology data developed and maintained by the Bureau of Reclamation and other collaborators.
Strategic themes were developed to identify over-arching or cross-cutting issues and needs that transcend individual goals or objectives and warrant consideration in all aspects of the PFLCC conservation strategy.
A single-page fact sheet describing the purpose, approach and key partners for conservation action in the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative.
Standard species distribution models (SDM) use climate layers to determine a species “climate” niche and then project the species distribution to future time points as climate warms or dries, but such models do not take into account evolved physiological or ecological differences among species that might impact resistance to warm spells and / or long-term droughts. Here I will describe the relationships between climate layers and operative thermal and hydric environments for reptiles and amphibians.
Data products derived from General Circulation Model (GCM) projections are increasingly becoming ubiquitous in a range of scientific studies and natural resource management. Processes to develop such products from GCM output vary considerably based on factors such as, but not limited to, spatial and temporal resolution needs, variables of interest, geographic location, computing capability, and study complexity. The technique to generate higher resolution data from GCM output is broadly referred to as downscaling and ranges from statistical approaches to finer scale dynamical modeling.
Reporting on activities and achievement for the Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks Landscape Conservation Cooperative in 2014.
Formed in early 2012, the Aleutian and Bering Sea Islands Landscape Conservation Cooperative (ABSI) promotes applied science to inform conservation of natural and cultural resources in the face of climate change and other landscape-scale stressors. We are a broad partnership of individuals, organizations, and government agencies with an interest in the Aleutian and Bering Sea Islands region. The ABSI charter includes the following five conservation goals, the order of which does not imply priority:
Large, severe wildfires are a fact of life in southwestern ponderosa pine forests. What will burned ecosystems look like over the coming decades under a warming climate? Do management treatments make a lasting difference or will climate override their effects? We applied the relatively new feature of the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) called Climate-FVS, which modifies the widely used FVS model to make it simulate effects of climate change. The short answer: climate change has major effects on our test site, the Rodeo-Chediski fire on Arizona’s Mogollon Rim.
Reporting on activities and achievement for the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative in 2014.
The Bureau of Land Management presents a summary of the Madrean Archipelago Rapid Ecoregional Assessment. This project, which began in 2012, compiled geospatial data to examine the potential impacts of climate, development, fire, and invasive species on ecosystems and key species in the Madrean Archipelago ecoregion, located in southwest Arizona and and the bootheel of New Mexico. This region is more commonly known as the "Sky Islands." Information from the MAREA will be used for landscape-level planning and decision-making.
Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperative Fiscal Year 2015 Applied Science and Capacity Needs
For the sub-arctic, temperate USA, some of the greatest climate change related departures from current conditions are predicted to occur in the desert southwest. This region is getting warmer and drier; modeling and then documenting species’ responses to those climate shifts can identify management options to stem losses to biodiversity. Here I describe a monitoring framework developed by a National Park Service and UC Riverside team, focusing on Joshua Tree National Park, to achieve that objective.
The success of the LCC Network depends upon the success of the individual LCCs in addressing the conservation needs most important within their geographies as well as the LCCs’ collective ability to tackle conservation priorities at even broader geographic scales.
The LCC Network’s strategic plan articulates our five-year path forward to achieving the LCCs’ shared vision and mission to conserve and maintain landscapes and seascapes.
Springs are keystone ecosystems in the Sky Island Region, exert disproportionate influence on surrounding landscapes, and are known to be biodiversity hotspots. Although they are abundant in this arid region, they are poorly documented and little studied. They also suffer from extensive human modification and are among the most threatened ecosystems. Lack of information on their location, management context, and biological, hydrological, and ecological characteristics hinders effective stewardship of these resources.
This presentation describes the attributes of rivers of the Southwest US and northern Mexico and how those physical attributes, especially sediment transport and geomorphology, might be considered in developing environmental flows. The primary examples are drawn from the Rio Grande in far west Texas and different parts of the Colorado River basin.
This document is the product of an August 2014 workshop focused on defining a landscape approach to the Mississippi River Basin and Gulf hypoxia. The workshop consisted of dozens of researchers and professionals from across the Basin and this final report remains a guiding document for the Mississippi River Basin/Gulf Hypoxia Initiative.
The need for better integration of science and decision making in environmental management is widely documented. In light of anticipated climate change and associated changes in demographics, land use, and water management practices, decision makers are confronted with the need to make major decisions in the face of high system complexity and uncertainty. The integration of useful and relevant scientific information is necessary and critical to enable informed decision-making.
A fact sheet detailing the focal species and associated habitats of the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative.
The focal species for the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative are:
Today a range of monumental conservation challenges confronts the Appalachians. This includes the loss and fragmentation of natural habitats; disruptions in natural disturbance regimes; and expanding major land-use changes that are occurring on a grand scale. Climate change will further exacerbate these challenges. The magnitude of these landscape-level changes requires a shift from traditional local and single-species conservation approaches toward a more comprehensive scale to protect species, habitats, and ecosystems.
The Appalachian LCC and the Eastern Brooktrout Joint Venture Partnership's open-source mapping platform "Conservation Design" is designed to support the conservation community and their diverse needs to view, create, and analyze spatial data and maps. This platform provides access to a suite of scientific data, relevant to a variety of conservation planning goals/tasks including the execution of custom designed decision support tools. These tools allow a manager or conservation practitioner to make dynamic scenario-based decisions using the most current scientific information.
The Gulf Coast Prairie LCC has reached a significant milestone in its development with the completion of its Science Strategy. An effort begun October 2013 by the Science Team, this strategy focuses on the Top Tier Focal Species and their associated habitats. It will help LCC partners align their efforts to address species and habitat needs, direct science resources, and communicate about conservation work.
The Water Harvesting Assessment Toolbox is a prototype decision aid designed to help communities in the Southwest US understand the role water harvesting can play in meeting water resource challenges while providing multiple additional benefits. It also introduces water harvesting techniques and suggests ways to implement locally appropriate water harvesting efforts. The Toolbox is intended for a wide range of users.
Changes in the timing of phenological events—such as hibernation, migration, and breeding —have been called a 'globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts' on plants and animals. Not surprisingly, phenology is now widely accepted as a robust ecological indicator of the impacts of climate change. Climate-induced changes in phenology have been linked to increases in wildfire activity and pest outbreaks, shifts in species distributions, declines in the abundance of native species, the spread of invasive species, and changes in carbon cycling in forests.
Campaigns featuring flagship species are a key part of the conservation education efforts. Yet, these use of conservation flagships often lack a evidence-base, which impacts the selection of flagships and our understanding of flagship impact. In this webinar I will present field research conducted at two study sites in Northeast Brazil and discuss how the field of marketing can provide important theoretical support to use of flagship species in conservation education campaigns.
About the presenter:
Maps and economic values for ecosystem services - the value that nature provides to people and the economy - hold the promise of improving natural resource management and providing a better understanding the linkages between people and nature. While mapping and valuation studies are increasingly demanded for resource management, obstacles remain in their day-to-day application toward decision making. In this presentation, Ken will describe work underway to improve the scientific accuracy of ecosystem service assessments and make them easier to apply in decision making.