Resources

LCCs have produced a wealth of informational documents, reports, fact sheets, webinars and more to help support resource managers in designing and delivering conservation at landscape scales.

We assessed the ‘vulnerability’ of roughly 10% of California’s rare plant species (156 of 1625 total rare plants) representing a range of species characteristics. The project used species distribution modeling to assess the risk to habitat change under various climate change scenarios for rare plants.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Empirical evidence supports wild birds as playing a role in the interhemispheric exchange of bacteria
and viruses; however, data supporting the redistribution of parasites among continents are limited. In
this study, the hypothesis that migratory birds contribute to the redistribution of parasites between continents
was tested by sampling northern pintails (Anas acuta) at locations throughout the North Pacific
Basin in North America and East Asia for haemosporidian infections and assessing the genetic evidence

Date posted: June 23, 2018

We assessed climate change vulnerability of 156 rare plant species of California. Our work can

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Efforts to prioritize conservation areas have typically relied on indices that include levels of endemism, species richness, and degree of threat 1 . However, it has long been recognized that measures of species richne ss alone may fail to capture essential evolutionary processes that promote and sustain diversity 2 - 8 . To avoid extinction in the face of climate change, populations may either move to more favorable habitat, or adaptively respond to changing conditions. Wit h increasing fragmentation of formerly continuous habitat, dispersal to new areas may be severely limited.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Birds of the order Anseriformes, commonly referred to as waterfowl, are frequently infected by Haemosporidia of the genera Haemoproteus, Plasmodium, and Leucocytozoon via dipteran vectors. We analyzed nucleotide sequences of the Cytochrome b (Cytb) gene from parasites of these genera detected in six species of ducks from Alaska and California, USA to characterize the genetic diversity of Haemosporidia infecting waterfowl at two ends of the Pacific Americas Flyway.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The Central Valley of California is one of the most important regions for wintering waterbirds in North America despite extensive anthropogenic landscape modification and decline of historical wetlands there. Like many other mediterranean-climate ecosystems across the globe, the Central Valley has been subject to a burgeoning human population and expansion and intensification of agricultural and urban development that have impacted wildlife habitats.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Distribution (present and historical) maps for all 133 native freshwater fish species in California. Maps include observation made during field surveys by various state and federal agencies. The data are compiled from multiple sources and experts and is stored and exported as rangemaps and summary maps. Sources include databases from CA Fish and Wildlife, NatureServe, CalTrout, and FERC relicensing.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The CA LCC assisted the San Francisco Bay Area National Wildlife Refuge Complex in its conservation planning efforts by researching and summarizing projections of climate change and potential impacts for the natural resources of the seven refuges within the Refuge Complex. The following documents are available, presented on a webpage on the Climate Commons (http://climate.calcommons.org/sfbnwr). A bibliographic database was also delivered to the refuge managers for their use in their planning documents.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Environmental Change Network: Current and Future Zonation Prioritization

Date posted: June 23, 2018

A major challenge with communicating potential climate change impacts to general audiences is that many people have difficulty understanding how projected changes in temperature and precipitation affect the climate they are accustomed to and their lives in general. Climate analogs are an alternative tool that can be used to communicate potential climate change impacts by comparing locations with similar climates to illustrate changes that models project. The approach works by comparing the future climate at a location of interest to the historic climate of all locations (Figure 1).

Date posted: June 23, 2018

We evaluated the biogeomorphic processes of a large (309 ha) tidal salt marsh and examined factors that influence its ability to keep pace with relative sea-level rise (SLR). Detailed elevation data from 1995 and 2008 were compared with digital elevation models (DEMs) to assess marsh surface elevation change during this time. Overall, 37 % (113 ha) of the marsh increased in elevation at a rate that exceeded SLR, whereas 63 % (196 ha) of the area did not keep pace with SLR.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

In this CA LCC-funded Climate-Smart Conservation Planning effort, EcoAdapt's climate adaptation scientists worked with National Forest conservation managers to conduct vulnerability assessments, develop climate-smart adaptation strategies and actions, and generate implementation plans for key habitats of Southern California, with a specific focus on four National Forests (Angeles, San Bernardino, Cleveland, Los Padres).

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Understanding recent biogeographic responses to climate change is fundamental for improving our predictions of likely future responses and guiding conservation planning at both local and global scales. Studies of observed biogeographic responses to 20th century climate change have principally examined effects related to ubiquitous increases in temperature – collectively termed a warming fingerprint.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Data layers of current and projected suitable habitat for five species: big-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis), California gnatcatcher, Ceanothus greggii, Ceanothus verrucosus, and Tecate cypress in the South Coast Ecoregion in California, USA. Data set includes scenarios with and without projected urban growth over a 50 year period, and with and without projected climate change over a 50 year period.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

2 matrices of existing climate change tools, the applicability of relevant tools for use in Southern California coastal wetlands, with information to help understand, choose, and use them, with guidance and sample outputs to help users incorporate them into their work. Will include updated information on the newest models. Two types of models: flood inundation and marsh accretion and habitat response. Audience: WRP Partner Agencies and stakeholders, other resource managers throughout Southern California, CA LCC and Partners.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The papers in this special issue feature state-of-the-art approaches to understanding the physical processes related to sediment transport and geomorphology of complex coastal–estuarine systems. Here we focus on the San Francisco Bay Coastal System, extending from the lower San Joaquin–Sacramento Delta, through the Bay, and along the adjacent outer Pacific Coast.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Students, teachers, and community members are key to implementing climate-smart restoration. Involving the community, through students, teachers, and families, has been a successful model for the past 15 years of Point Blue's Students and Teachers Restoring A Watershed Program (STRAW).

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Data layers of current and projected suitable habitat for five species: big-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis), California gnatcatcher, Ceanothus greggii, Ceanothus verrucosus, and Tecate cypress in the South Coast Ecoregion in California, USA. Data set includes scenarios with and without projected urban growth over a 50 year period, and with and without projected climate change over a 50 year period.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Data layers of current and projected suitable habitat for five species: big-eared woodrat (Neotoma macrotis), California gnatcatcher, Ceanothus greggii, Ceanothus verrucosus, and Tecate cypress in the South Coast Ecoregion in California, USA. Data set includes scenarios with and without projected urban growth over a 50 year period, and with and without projected climate change over a 50 year period.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Understanding factors influencing survival of Pacific salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.) is essential to species conservation, because drivers of mortality can vary over multiple spatial and temporal scales. Although recent studies have evaluated the effects of climate, habitat quality, or resource management (e.g., hatchery operations) on salmonid recruitment and survival, a failure to look at multiple factors simultaneously leaves open questions about the relative importance of different factors.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Purpose:
The purpose of this Walker Basin Meadows Condition Report is twofold. First, it provides condition data and explains why the Walker Working Group chose the first set of meadows as the top priority for restoration. Second, the working group will use information presented here to plan subsequent restoration efforts once the first group of meadows is restored.

Introduction:

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Maps included are the following for the entire Bay Delta and Suisun, North Bay, Central Bay, and South Bay: 2010 elevations from LiDAR 2030: Sed Low/SLR low, Sed Low/SLR high, Sed high/ SLR low, Sed high/ SLR high 2050: Sed Low/SLR low, Sed Low/SLR high, Sed high/ SLR low, Sed high/ SLR high 2110: Sed Low/SLR low, Sed Low/SLR high, Sed high/ SLR low, Sed high/ SLR high Also included are histograms showing area covered by marsh habitat types for the four sea-level rise/sediment scenarios, for the Bay Delta and subregions.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Vulnerabilities of 27 resources were evaluated during the Vulnerability Assessment Workshop (held March 5-7, 2013); resources included 8 ecosystems (alpine/subalpine, yellow pine/mixed conifer, red fir, wet meadows and fens, oak woodlands, chaparral, sagebrush, and aquatic), 15 species (fisher, marten, bighorn sheep, wood rat, willow flycatcher, mountain quail, sage grouse, Sierra Nevada yellow-legged frog, mountain yellow-legged frog, red fir, blue oak, black oak, whitebark pine, bristlecone pine, and aspen), and 4 ecosystem services (timber and wood products, carbon, fire, and recreation)

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Ducks Unlimited, Inc Introduction In addition to working with the USGS Western Ecological Research Center team led by Joe Fleskes on defining the feasibility and strategies for tracking a variety of key avian habitats in the Central Valley. Ducks Unlimited focused on mapping Central Valley rice habitats that provide large bioenergetic inputs to overwintering waterfowl and shorebirds in the region. The first year of the project characterized rice fields and their winter- flooded state in the Sacramento Valley.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

In this CA LCC-funded Climate-Smart Conservation Planning effort, EcoAdapt's climate adaptation scientists worked with National Forest conservation managers to conduct vulnerability assessments, develop climate-smart adaptation strategies and actions, and generate implementation plans for key habitats of Southern California, with a specific focus on four National Forests (Angeles, San Bernardino, Cleveland, Los Padres).

Date posted: June 23, 2018

This website offers results from the project "Impacts of climate change on ecology and habitats of waterbirds", which evaluates projected impacts of climate, urbanization, and water management scenarios on ecology and habitats of waterfowl and other waterbirds in the Central Valley of California.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Thanks to the generous support of the California Landscape Conservation Cooperative,
Point Blue Conservation Science, The Nature Conservancy, and the Elkhorn Slough Coastal
Training Program were able to develop a suite of climate-smart restoration practices in the
Central Coast Ecoregion, pilot those practices on the Upper Pajaro River, and share
knowledge gained and developed with the local community as well as with the broader
restoration community in California.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Selected climate and biogeographic model datasets are hosted by the Climate Commons and made available for viewing and download in a custom interactive map utility designed for the purpose of making very large and multi-layer datasets easily comprehensible and accessible to everyone who needs them. Logged-in users see a link to the visualization and download pages in the catalog record for the hosted dataset, and can select from the combinations of global climate model, emissions scenario, and data parameters, as well as set a geographic area of interest.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The 18 million acres of rangelands in the Central Valley of California provide multiple benefits or “ecosystem services” to people—including wildlife habitat, water supply, open space, recreation, and cultural resources. Most of this land is privately owned and managed for livestock production. These rangelands are vulnerable to land-use conversion and climate change. To help resource managers assess the impacts of land-use change and climate change, U.S.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The CA LCC and CA Department of Water Resources partnered to host a TEK training for natural resource managers and scientists. The aim was to foster ability to partner with tribes and understand traditional knowledge of the environment.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The development of sophisticated species distribution modeling techniques provides an opportunity to examine the potential effects of climate change on bird communities. Using these modeling approaches, we are relating bird data to environmental layers to generate robust predictions of current (1971–2000) and projected future species occurrence. Future bird distributions are based on regional climate model projections for the periods 2038–2070 (IPCC Scenario A2). Bird species distributions were created using the Maxent modeling technique: Maxent (Phillips et al.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The California Invasive Plant Council (Cal-IPC) worked with dozens of partner organizations to map invasive plants statewide and to build an online decision-support tool, CalWeedMapper, to use the data. Cal-IPC has used the tool to design landscape-level projects with regional partners, and has been successful in securing funds for on-the-ground implementation of high-priority projects. CalWeedMapper provides spatial information that serves as the foundation for selecting priorities and demonstrating clear rationale to funders.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

On March 3, 2015, The California Landscape Conservation Cooperative conducted a
scenario planning workshop as a part of the Central Valley Landscape Conservation
Project (CVLCP). The goal of this scenario planning exercise was to develop a common
understanding of a range of future conditions in the Central Valley as a basis for
identifying priority natural resources and adaptation strategies and actions.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

This report presents the approach, methods, conclusions, and recommendations of the
San Francisco Bay Area Upland Habitat Goals Project, a five-year science-based study to
identify the most essential lands needed to sustain the biodiversity of the San Francisco
Bay Area.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Sierra meadows are natural marvels. For millennia they have been cultural havens, hotspots of
biodiversity and, recently, valued components of California’s natural water infrastructure. Sierra
meadows absorb snowmelt in early spring and gradually release the stored water throughout the
dry summer months. Healthy meadows keep cool water flowing; they also keep streams clear and
clean by filtering out sediment and absorbing floodwaters. In 1889 John Muir’s laments for
overgrazing in Tuolumne Meadows and in the headwaters of the Merced River prompted his

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Densities for five key tidal marsh-dependent bird species were modeled using boosted regression trees (Elith et al. 2008). The models are able to fit non-linear functions between environmental variables and the presence/absence or density of a species. Map values represent the probability of occurrence of a species or the density (birds/ha). Higher values in a map indicate a higher likelihood that a species will be present at a site. Bird species modeled: Common yellowthroat, black rail, clapper rail, marsh wren, song sparrow.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The Climate Science Alliance - South Coast is a partnership formed to develop and support a network of conservation leaders, scientists, and natural resource managers focused on sharing ecosystem-based resiliency approaches to safeguard our communities and natural resources from climate change risks.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Conservation efforts in Mediterranean-climate regions are complicated by species' variability in response to multiple threats. Functional type classifications incorporating life history traits with disturbance response strategies provide a framework for predicting groups of species' response to fire, but it is unclear whether these classifications will be useful when species are exposed to multiple threats or differ in spatial context.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

We convened a workshop to finalize the draft list of focal habitats using a set of evaluation criteria based on multi-criteria decision analysis methods. Based on lessons learned from the Sierra Nevada project, this workshop is an important component of the climate-smart conservation approach in that a broad range of stakeholder and scientific expertise creates buy-­‐in into the process and provides credibility to the project, and early in-person engagements foster commitment from experts and stakeholders to participate throughout the project’s duration.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The Watershed Analyst lets you access climate and hydrology data to help your community get climate ready. The Watershed Analyst accesses the best science available to provide our region’s first high resolution resource for looking at the effects of climate on water resources and open spaces. This project taps into the knowledgebase of TBC3, the Terrestrial Biodiversity Climate Change Consortium, a Bay Area interdisciplinary research collaborative funded by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Data provided can be a helpful tool for teachers, students, planners, and researchers.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The Deltares Delft3D FM (flexible mesh) model of the Bay-Delta that provides boundary conditions for the South San Francisco Bay geomorphic model, which is now a 1D model that is spatially extrapolated to 2D, was released at the Bay-Delta Conference in October 2014. The San Francisco Bay-Delta Community Model is an open source Delft3D FM model and allows for continuous development of a process-based, hydrodynamic surface water flow model of the San Francisco Bay-Delta system.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Context
In addition to biodiversity conservation, California rangelands generate multiple ecosystem services including livestock production, drinking and irrigation water, and carbon sequestration. California rangeland ecosystems have experienced substantial conversion to residential land use and more intensive agriculture.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The myriad challenges facing biodiversity under climate change are reflected in the challenges facing managers planning for these impacts. An ever-expanding number of recommendations and tools for climate change adaptation exist to aid managers in these efforts, yet navigating these various resources can lead to information overload and paralysis in decision-making. Here we provide a synthesis of the key considerations, approaches, and available tools for integrating climate change adaptation into management plans.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

California's terrestrial ecosystems are particularly vulnerable to future changes in the global climate, including increased temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, and changes in human infrastructure and development. Information on the potential effects of climate change on bird communities can help guide effective conservation and inform land management decisions.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

This webpage, document, and bibliography provides a summary of projected future changes in the California Central Valley according to current models and assessments. Information is provided for Temperature, Extreme Heat, Precipitation, Drought and Aridity, Sierra Nevada Snowpack, Snowmelt, Runoff, Stream Flow and Temperatures, Storms and Flooding, Groundwater, Agriculture and Urban Land and Water Use, Phenology, Fire, Vegetation change.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

As a clear consensus is emerging that suitable habitat for many species will dramatically reduce and/or shift with climate change, attention is turning to adaptation strategies to address these impacts. Assisted colonization is one such strategy that has been predominantly discussed in terms of the costs of introducing potential competitors into new communities and the benefits of reducing extinction risk.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) developed future scenarios of land use-land cover (LULC) change in the United States as part of a national carbon sequestration assessment required by the U.S. Congress (Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007). Future potential demand, or the area of land required for each LULC class, was based on a set of scenarios from three Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emission Scenarios (SRES) (Nakicenovic et al.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

In the Pacific Northwest, coastal wetlands support a wealth of ecosystem services including habitat provision for wildlife and fisheries and flood protection. The tidal marshes, mudflats, and shallow bays of coastal estuaries link marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats, and provide economic and recreational benefits to local communities. Climate change effects such as sea-level rise are altering these habitats, but we know little about how these areas will change over the next 50–100 years.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

As part of the CA LCC funded project "A Monitoring Protocol to Assess Wintering Shorebird Population Trends", monitoring plans were developed for the Coastal CA and Baja region, the Central Valley, and San Francisco Bay area. The plans propose a statistically robust, logistically feasible, long-term monitoring program for wintering shorebirds to track spatial and temporal population trends resulting from changing climate and habitat conditions.

Date posted: June 23, 2018

Dr. Frank Casey of the US Geological Survey discussed the challenges faced when attempting to value changes in ecosystem services in response to climate/land use change impacts on California rangelands.

The presentation provides a brief overview of how an economics conceptual framework and tools can be used to value three ecosystem services that California rangelands provide:

Date posted: June 23, 2018