Resources

LCCs have produced a wealth of informational documents, reports, fact sheets, webinars and more to help support resource managers in designing and delivering conservation at landscape scales.

Springs—ecosystems where groundwater reaches the Earth's surface—are among the most biologically, socio-culturally, and economically important water resources (Stevens and Meretsky 2008). Many endangered species, and numerous rare or endemic species of plants, invertebrates, amphibians, and fish are found only at springs in the United States. Springs are highly sacred to indigenous cultures that use them for water supplies, medicinal, ceremonial, and other purposes.

Date posted: June 25, 2019

Trout Unlimited will extend its existing Adopt-a-Trout program to the Henrys Fork River, a tributary to the Green River in the Colorado River basin. The project will include work with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department and local schools to tag and monitor Colorado River Cutthroat trout movements to learn more about fish passage issues, areas of high entrainment, habitat use, and native and wild trout migratory patterns.

Date posted: June 25, 2019

Climate change and wildfire are interacting to drive vegetation change and potentially reduce water quantity and quality in the southwestern US. Forest restoration is a management approach that could mitigate some of these negative outcomes. However, little information exists on how fuel treatments combined with climate change might influence hydrology across large forest landscapes that incorporate multiple vegetation types and complex fire regimes.

Date posted: June 25, 2019

The Shivwits Band of the Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah (PITU) has recognized the need to

identify and assess the potential impacts of landscape-level stressors, such as climate change

and drought, on tribal and ancestral lands and resources, such as water resources and

culturally significant species and the habitats and ecosystems that support them. With

funding from the Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperative, the Shivwits hired

Barbara Dugelby1 of Round River Conservation Studies to conduct the assessment and

Date posted: June 25, 2019

The restoration of historical fire regimes is often a primary objective in the conservation of fire-adapted forests. However, individual species’ responses to future climate change may uncouple historical vegetation–disturbance relationships, producing potentially negative ecological consequences to fire restoration. We used a landscape simulation model to assess how forest pattern will respond to future climate regimes and whether the restoration of historical fire regimes will benefit forest conservation under future climate regimes.

Date posted: June 25, 2019

Three webinars presented by the Springs Stewardship Institute.

Date posted: June 25, 2019

This document summarizes research conducted to develop and apply climate

analysis tools toward a better understanding of the past and future of climate variability in

the state of Utah. Two pilot studies developed analysis tools through the investigation of

natural variability in precipitation systems in Africa, and research into long-term changes

and trends in spring rainfall over the U.S. Great Plains. Our third study used tree-ring

data to estimate snowpack in the state of Utah to 1850, doubling the length of record and

Date posted: June 25, 2019

The main purpose of this project was illustrated in Figure 1 of the original proposal, which is copied here.  In that figure, the projection of water supply for the Colorado River in the 21st century is frequently portrayed as a ‘smeared future’, confused by large uncertainties in the output from the CMIP5 model ensembles (Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study released by the Bureau of Reclamation in January 2013).

Date posted: June 25, 2019

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between canopy density and optimal

snowpack conditions. In order to perform this investigation, the physically-based snow energy

model, Southwestern Forest Snow Energy Model (SFSEM), was developed. Modeling of

snowpack dynamics was completed with SFSEM for 1070 forest stands in the Valles Caldera

National Preserve (VCNP). The modeling exercise was performed for the December 2015 to

Date posted: June 25, 2019

Interactive maps of springs distribution and analysis of the Southern Rockies LCC.

 

Date posted: June 25, 2019

Snowpack observations in the Intermountain West are sparse and short, making them

difficult for use in depicting past variability and extremes. This study presents a reconstruction

of April 1 snow water equivalent (SWE) for the period of 1850–1989 using increment cores

collected by the U.S. Forest Service, Interior West Forest Inventory and Analysis program (FIA).

In the state of Utah, SWE was reconstructed for 38 snow course locations using a combination of

Date posted: June 25, 2019

This reports summarizes work and key findings to date from the Upper RIO Grande Basin SNOwfall Measurement and streamFLOW (RIO-SNO-FLOW) Forecasting Improvement Project conducted from Jan. 1, 2014 through Dec. 31, 2015. The project area was centered over the upper mainstem Rio Grande and Conejos River basins in southern Colorado. This report is organized into 7 chapters that detail the major elements of the project including; a Project Description, NOAA Gap-filling Radar, NASA Airborne Snow Observatory, In-Situ Ground Observations, Distributed Hydrologic Modeling, and Community Engagement.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Since the last reporting period, the project team has been focused on conducting spatial analyses of habitat complexity at tributary junctions and finalizing the decision support model and report on the Colorado River. The decision support model was completed and report finalized and designed to inform restoration opportunities on the Colorado River corridor in Utah. The final draft of the CO report is awaiting final USGS review and layout for publication as an Open File Report. Results of the study were presented at the USGS River Restoration workshop in Flagstaff, AZ, June 23-24.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

This project had two primary goals: 1) To develop a process for integrating data from multiple sources to improve predictions of climate impacts for wildlife species; and 2) To provide data on climate and related hydrological change, fire behavior under future climates, and species’ distributions for use by researchers and resource managers.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Future expected changes in climate and human activity threaten many riparian habitats, particularly in the southwestern U.S. Using Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt3.3.3) modeling, we characterized habitat relationships and generated spatial predictions of habitat suitability for the Lucy’s warbler (Oreothlypis luciae), the Southwestern willow flycatcher (Empidonaxtraillii extimus) and the Western yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus).

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Since the last report, we have remained focused on completing stages 1 and 2 of the project, continuing to conduct spatial analysis of habitat complexity at tributary junctions and developing decision support models to inform restoration outcomes on the Colorado River. Specifically, efforts have been dedicated to devising remote sensing methods for analysis of vegetation to investigate riparian habitat complexity at tributary junctions along the regulated Dolores and Colorado Rivers.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Species habitat suitability data

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Habitat complexity in rivers is linked to physical processes that act at various spatial scales and requires dynamic hydrologic and geomorphic conditions. On regulated rivers in the western United States, tributaries may provide important resource inputs and serve as sources of dynamism on regulated systems, offering blueprints to guide restoration of habitat complexity in riparian areas. We investigated spatial patterns and extent of tributary influence on riparian habitat complexity along regulated reaches of the Colorado and Dolores Rivers in the western United States.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Final report by Heather Bateman and Matthew Johnson.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Riparian ecosystems are vital components of the semi-arid landscape because woody riparian plants provide resources that are absent in adjacent vegetation types. Historically, flood played a key role in shaping the composition and structure of riparian forests. In recent decades, however, the frequency and magnitude of floods has decreased and the timing of peak discharge has been altered. In addition, wildfire has increased in importance as an agent of disturbance along many streams.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Climate change challenges the management of western water resources. Water is expected to become more limited with increased evaporation, drought, and changing precipitation regimes. Climate change vulnerability assessments provide a method to compare the causes and consequences of changing conditions for species, habitats, and ecosystems. Within the aquatic sector, vulnerability assessments have long been used to gauge the impact of threats on important ecosystems services that provision both human and ecological needs.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Climate change predictions include warming and drying trends, which are expected to be particularly pronounced in the southwestern United States. In this region, grassland dynamics are tightly linked to available moisture, yet it has proven difficult to resolve what aspects of climate drive vegetation change.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Woody plant regeneration: population model input in Excel.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Woody plant regeneration: post fire woody plant data in Excel.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

This project was completed in the shadow of the enormous efforts of the Bureau of Reclamation and partners to complete a forward-looking water supply and demand study for the entire Colorado River Basin ("Basin Study", USBR 2012). The Basin Study predicted a median water supply and demand imbalance of approximately 3.2 million acre feet in the 2041-2060 time period. Billions of dollars may need to be spent on a wide range of strategies and solutions to manage this gap.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

The Improving Crop Coefficients for the Middle Rio Grande Project (ICCMRG Project) was completed by the New Mexico Office of the State Engineer (NMOSE) under a grant from the United States Bureau of Reclamation. The objective of the ICCMRG Project is to assess actual crop water use for the years 2011 and 2013 through remote sensing technologies that estimate the evapotranspiration (ET) of individual crops within the Middle Rio Grande (MRG).

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Effects of restoration treatments on ponderosa pine ecosystems, Front Range, Colorado 2011-2013.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

In 2010, Colorado Front Range National Forests were awarded a Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration (CFLR) grant to facilitate the implementation of restoration treatments across 32,000 acres of ponderosa pine-dominated forests.  Collaborative, multi-party monitoring of the impacts of restoration was a required component of the grant; however, the budget for this work was limited, and initial monitoring plans for the Arapaho-Roosevelt National Forest (AR) and the Pike-San Isabel National Forest (PSI) did not include a strong emphasis on key components of the ecosystem such as wildlife

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Riparian ecosystems are vital components of aridlands within the southwestern United States. Historically, surface flows influenced population dynamics of native riparian trees. Many southwestern streams has been altered by regulation, however, and will be further affected by greenhouse warming. Our analysis of stream gage data revealed that decreases in volume of annual discharge and mean peak discharge and a shift to earlier peak discharge will occur in the Southern Rockies region of Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Climate change is projected to have an enormous effect on water resources in the western US, with cascading effects on river-dependent organisms. Recent studies show that increasing drought will lead to reduced water in many rivers in the southwestern US. For example, streamflow in the warm season has declined over the last century in the western US and is projected to continue decreasing over the next 100 years.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Woody plant regeneration: cottonwood population model output in Excel.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Ongoing and increasing energy development in the west will cause an associated increase in the amount of disturbed land, in turn leading to greater potential for natural resource and wildlife conflicts. Throughout the southwest, renewable energy technologies are being explored, tested, and new facilities are being planned and developed. The existing electric transmission infrastructure will need to be expanded and improved in order to effectively distribute the electricity generated by new renewable power facilities that will be distributing power to consumers across the western states.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

The SRLCC provided funds to the states of Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico to support development of the states’ Crucial Habitat Assessment Tools (CHATs) which provide a decision support system to better incorporate wildlife values, sensitive animals and plants, and important ecosystem features into land use decision-making to reduce conflicts and surprises.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

The SRLCC provided funds to the states of Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico to support development of the states’ Crucial Habitat Assessment Tools (CHATs) which provide a decision support system to better incorporate wildlife values, sensitive animals and plants, and important ecosystem features into land use decision-making to reduce conflicts and surprises.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Development of CHAT for New Mexico.

Date posted: June 13, 2019

Short-term ecological consequences of collaborative restoration treatments in ponderosa pine forests of Colorado

Date posted: June 13, 2019

The Gunnison Climate Working Group is a chartered partnership of 14 public and private organizations in Colorado’s Upper Gunnison Basin. The Southern Rockies LCC funded The Nature Conservancy to complete a comprehensive vulnerability assessment identifying species and ecosystems most at risk from climate change. The assessment included a set of habitat adaptation strategies for priority species, such as the Gunnison sage-grouse. As a final product, local demonstration projects were designed and installed.

Date posted: June 7, 2019

The Gunnison Climate Working Group is piloting a on-the-ground climate adaptation project to build
resilience of riparian areas/wet meadows – priority brood-rearing habitat -- to help the Gunnison Sagegrouse
and other wildlife species adapt to climate change in the Gunnison Basin. Riparian areas have
been impacted by head cuts, erosion, and lowered water tables. These impacts will likely increase with
increased drought and erosion from intense rainstorms, decreasing food and chick survival. After

Date posted: June 7, 2019

Webinar on Building Resilience to Climate Change in the Gunnison Basin

Date posted: June 7, 2019

Our actions today to build ecosystem resilience to climate change will help us protect the Gunnison Basin’s natural resources—clean air and wildlife habitat, and the livelihoods they provide in the future for people. The Gunnison Climate Working Group, a group of public and private partners formed in 2010, is looking to understand the threats posed by climate change, identify strategies to reduce adverse impacts, and promote coordinated implementation of these strategies.



Date posted: June 5, 2019

This data shows Boat Ramp locations in the Gulf of Mexico. Each data set was compiled from each state, including, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida. Data for some of the states may not be completely up to date or completely accurate.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

Climate projection data were downloaded from the Climatewizard application for the coastal region for the Gulf of Mexico. Climate projection data represent the monthly, seasonal, and yearly mean for the time period of 2000-2050 for the following variables: AET:PET ratio, Moisture deficit, Moisture surplus, PET, Precipitation, Temperature, Rainfall Anomaly, and Standard Precipitation Index. In addition, models representing change in the average mean from period of (1961-1990) is available for each of the variables.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

Dataset covering the Gulf of Mexico coast, clipped from the origional datset of the conterminous U.S., for the year 1985-2011. Contains spatially gridded mean monthly precipitation at 4km grid cell resolution. Distribution of the point measurements to the spatial grid was accomplished using the PRISM model, developed and applied by Dr. Christopher Daly of the PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University. This dataset is available free-of-charge on the PRISM website. Data clip was obtained through climatewizard.org

Date posted: May 31, 2019

Attempts to stabilize the shore can greatly influence rates of shoreline change. Beach nourishment in particular will bias rates of observed shoreline change toward accretion or stability, even though the natural beach, in the absence of nourishment, would be eroding. Trembanis and Pilkey (1998) prepared a summary of identifiable beach nourishment projects in the Gulf Coast region that had been conducted before 1996. Those records were used to identify shoreline segments that had been influenced by beach nourishment.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

NGDC's U.S. Coastal Relief Model (CRM) provides the first comprehensive view of the U.S. coastal zone integrating offshore bathymetry with land topography into a seamless representation of the coast. The CRM spans the U.S. East and West Coasts, the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii, reaching out to, and in places even beyond, the continental slope. Bathymetric and topographic data sources include: NGDC's NOS hydrographic surveys, multibeam bathymetry, and trackline bathymetry; the U.S.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

The Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is a geodatabase, managed by USGS GAP, that illustrates and describes public land ownership, management and other conservation lands, including voluntarily provided privately protected areas. The State, Regional and LCC geodatabases contain two feature classes. The PADUS1_3_FeeEasement feature class and the national MPA feature class. Legitimate and other protected area overlaps exist in the full inventory, with Easements loaded on top of Fee.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

There are critical needs for a nationwide compilation of reliable shoreline data. To meet these needs, the USGS has produced a comprehensive database of digital vector shorelines by compiling shoreline positions from pre-existing historical shoreline databases and by generating historical and modern shoreline data. Shorelines are compiled by state and generally correspond to one of four time periods: 1800s, 1920s-1930s, 1970s, and 1998-2002. Each shoreline may represent a compilation of data from one or more sources for one or more dates provided by one or more agencies.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

Rates of long-term and short-term shoreline change were generated in a GIS with the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 2.0, an ArcView extension developed by the USGS in cooperation with TPMC Environmental Services. The extension is designed to efficiently lead a user through the major steps of shoreline change analysis.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

This data set represents the extent, approximate location and type of wetlands and deepwater habitats in the United States and its Territories. These data delineate the areal extent of wetlands and surface waters as defined by Cowardin et al. (1979). Certain wetland habitats are excluded from the National mapping program because of the limitations of aerial imagery as the primary data source used to detect wetlands. These habitats include seagrasses or submerged aquatic vegetation that are found in the intertidal and subtidal zones of estuaries and near shore coastal waters.

Date posted: May 31, 2019

This dataset consists of the current distribution (2000s) of mangrove forests in the southeastern U.S. This dataset was created from the current best available mangrove data on a state specific basis. Florida mangrove data was extracted from Florida Landuse Land Cover Classification System (FLUCCS). For Louisiana, we used observations of mangrove stands from aerial surveys by Michot et al. (2010). Mangrove presence in Texas came from maps produced by Sherrod & McMillan (1981) and the NOAA Benthic Habitat Atlas of Coastal Texas (Finkbeiner et al. 2009).

Date posted: May 31, 2019