The imminent demise of montane species is a recurrent theme in the climate change literature, particularly for aquatic species that are constrained to networks and elevational rather than latitudinal retreat as temperatures increase. Predictions of widespread species losses, however, have yet to be fulfilled despite decades of climate change, suggesting that trends are much weaker than anticipated and may be too subtle for detection given the widespread use of sparse water temperature datasets or imprecise surrogates like elevation and air temperature.
LCCs have produced a wealth of informational documents, reports, fact sheets, webinars and more to help support resource managers in designing and delivering conservation at landscape scales.
Webinar: Mapping basic requirements for greater sage-grouse
The Washington Connected Landscapes Project: Statewide Analysis presented a vision for a connected network of habitats for wildlife in current condition. This climate-gradient corridor analysis and report adds a climate change lens to that assessment, by identifying corridors intended to improve the ability of wildlife and their habitats to respond to future changes in climate.
This document is an addendum to the Washington Connected Landscapes Project: Columbia Plateau Climate-Gradient Corridor Analysis (WHCWG 2013a; available from http://waconnected.org). It includes supplemental maps and guidance that can help prioritize and implement connectivity conservation actions that may benefit species under climate change. The analyses presented in the addendum build upon the climate-gradient corridors modeled for the Columbia Plateau Ecoregion and a surrounding buffer area (Fig. 1; WHCWG 2013a).
Washington Connected Landscapes Project: Statewide Analysis Summary Report
These data are an appended version of the Landscape Integrity Core Areas vector map developed as part of the Washington Habitat Connectivity Working Group (2010) landscape integrity analysis. The average mean annual temperature, standard deviation of mean annual temperature, and additional statistics were calculated for the pixels in each core area and appended to the core area attribute table.
The Washington Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Working Group is an open scientific collaborative effort to produce connectivity and tools for Washington and surrounding habitats. The Washington Connected Landscapes Project is the name for the suite of analysis and tools being produced by the working group.
These data represent a normalized least-cost corridor mosaic (see WHCWG 2010 and McRae and Kavanagh 2011) calculated using temperature gradients following the climate gradient linkage-modeling methods outlined in Nunez (2011), using an adapted version of the Linkage Mapper software (McRae and Kavanagh 2011). These data are depicted in Figure 5a in Nunez (2011).
These data represent a normalized least-cost corridor mosaic (see WHCWG 2010 and McRae and Kavanagh 2011) calculated using temperature gradients and a landscape integrity resistance raster following the climate gradient linkage-modeling methods outlined in Nuñez (2011), using an adapted version of the Linkage Mapper software (McRae and Kavanagh 2011). These data are depicted in Figure 5b in Nuñez (2011).
You may need WebEx capabilities to view these recordings.
Webinar: Washington Connected Landscapes Project - Statewide Analysis
Montana CAP (Crucial Areas Assessment Web) Informational Web Page
As the climate changes, human land use may impede species from tracking areas with suitable
climates. Maintaining connectivity between areas of different temperatures could allow organisms to move
along temperature gradients and allow species to continue to occupy the same temperature space as the
climate warms. We used a coarse-filter approach to identify broad corridors for movement between areas
where human influence is low while simultaneously routing the corridors along present-day spatial gradients
Gnarly Landscape Utilities is an ArcGIS toolbox designed to support some of the less-glamorous tasks involved with connectivity modeling. It includes tools for creating resistance and habitat layers and core area mapping. The core area mapping functionality was formerly packaged as the HCA Toolkit.
The HCA toolkit is a GIS tool designed to support regional wildlife habitat connectivity analyses by automating the process of identifying habitat concentration areas (HCAs). HCAs are areas on the landscape between which patterns of connectivity are evaluated. The habitat areas identified by this toolkit may be used as an input for Linkage Mapper to model connectivity between HCAs.
Linkage Mapper uses GIS maps of core habitat areas and resistances to identify and map linkages between core areas. Each cell in a resistance map is attributed with a value reflecting the energetic cost, difficulty, or mortality risk of moving across that cell. Resistance values are typically determined by cell characteristics, such as land cover or housing density, combined with species-specific landscape resistance models. As animals move away from specific core areas, cost-weighted distance analyses produce maps of total movement resistance accumulated.
Website: Washington Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Working Group
Montana CAPS Layer Documentation
Montana Crucial Areas Assessment (CAP)s Interactive Map
To enhance communications and information exchange on landscape-level conservation efforts, the Great Northern LCC has developed an online resource directory containing descriptions of landscape initiatives and organizations that conduct conservation work within the Great Northern geographic area. The resource directory is a work in progress. The initial list for the Organizations Directory is comprised of organizations on the GNLCC Steering Committee.
MT Connectivity Project Final Report - 2011
Climate change is having significant effects on organisms and ecosystems worldwide, but changes in the western nited States have been particularly rapid over the last 30 years. Resource managers in the West are being asked o manage for ecological responses to climate, but they have limited access to regional or local information on he observed and projected effects of climate change.
Workshop relating to the recorded webinar https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UnlQITVfZiI
This region-wide coordinated bird monitoring program, supported by state, federal, tribal, nongovernmental organizations, and a statewide bird conservation partnership, is designed to provide spatially-referenced baseline data for science-based biological planning and conservation design for the Great Northern LCC and its partners that is directly comparable with other landscapes and Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs).
2013 Idaho Bird Conservation Partnership Development, Workshop
Climate change impacts many species through shifts in habitat. The intensity of this impact will depend on the dispersal rates of the species, the patchiness of the environment, and the velocity of habitat change. Here we examine how dispersal affects projected future habitat availability for a threatened carnivore, the fisher (Pekania [Martes] pennanti). We used non-invasive genetic sampling to detect fisher across their historical distribution in Montana and Idaho. This survey included 4846 non-invasive hair snares, of which 288 identified fishers through mitochondrial DNA analysis.
The fisher (Pekania pennanti; formerly known as Martes pennanti) is a North American endemic mustelid with a geographic distribution that spans much of the boreal forests of North America. In the Northern Rocky Mountain (NRM) fishers have been the focus of Endangered Species Act (ESA) listing decisions. Habitat studies of West Coast fishers in California have consistently identified late-successional forests as important, providing direct implications for forest management and fisher conservation.
Summary: What is EAGLES (Ecosystem Assessment, Geospatial Analysis & Landscape Evaluation System)? EAGLES is a PC-based series of linked software applications (decision support tools or DSTs) in user-friendly ArcGIS and web-enabled environments that allows biologists and managers direct control and access to powerful data processing and modeling capabilities.
There are six basic DSTs within EAGLES. Together they form a workflow architecture to allow practitioners:
The Wyoming Interagency Spatial Database & Online Management (WISDOM) System is a user-friendly tool allowing any interested individual to discover, consider, and assess Wyoming’s wildlife resources.
WISDOM is intended to provide landscape-level information during the early stages of project planning. It does not replace or supersede site specific analysis with appropriate agencies. It should be used in concert with all available data and expertise to ensure project plans address wildlife and habitat conservation at all levels.
2010 Annual Report: Integrated Monitoring in Bird Conservation Regions (IMBCR): 2010 Annual Report
2012 Idaho Bird Conservation Partnership Development, Workshop
This region-wide coordinated bird monitoring program, supported by state, federal, tribal, nongovernmental organizations, and two statewide bird conservation partnerships, is designed to provide spatially-referenced baseline data for science-based biological planning and conservation design for the Great Northern LCC and its partners that is directly comparable with other landscapes and BCRs.
BCR10 in Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, 1km Grid, Integrated Bird Monitoring by Conservation Region
GNLCC Website Content: Collaborative Monitoring of Landbirds to Inform Landscape-level Management
Welcome to the Rocky Mountain Avian Data Center! Here you can find information resulting from a wide variety of surveys conducted by RMBO and its partners. Users can query out count data, occupancy results, density results, and generate maps of survey locations. You may want to read the
Usage Tips for information and tips on running queries. If you’re a manager and wondering how you might be able to use this information please visit our
2011 Idaho Bird Conservation Partnership Development, Workshop
The Idaho Bird Inventory and Survey (IBIS) is a plan to monitor all birds (waterbirds, shorebirds, waterfowl, and landbirds) throughout the state in a coordinated, standardized manner. Conservation and management of Idaho’s birds depends on adequate monitoring information. Monitoring information is required by legislative and land/wildlife management agency mandates as well as a host of forest plans, ecoregional plans, preserve management plans, and state wildlife action plans.
GNLCC Website Content: Forecasting the Impacts of Climate Change in the Columbia River Basin—Implications for Fish Habitat Connectivity
Methow and Columbia Rivers Studies, Washington—Summary of Data Collection, Comparison of Database Structure and Habitat Protocols, and Impact of Additional PIT Tag Interrogation Systems to Survival Estimates, 2008–2012
Webinar: Demonstration of the Avian Data Center at Rocky Mountain Bird Observatory
Webinar: Integrating Fish Physiology, Habitat and Climate Models to Design Aquatic Conservation Strategies
FY 2011 Progress Report: Forecasting the Impacts of Climate Change in the Columbia River Basin: Threats to Fish Habitat Connectivity
Project funding included data production for Montana and Idaho to help support the NWI Wetlands Mapper data download webpage and the resulting data is accessible through this web tool. GNLCC project funds did not directly go toward website development.
Project funding included data production for Montana and Idaho to help support the NWI Wetlands Mapper website and the resulting data is accessible through this web tool. GNLCC project funds did not directly go toward website development.
Sagebrush steppe ecosystems in the United States currently occur on only about one-half of their historical land area because of changes in land use, urban growth, and degradation of land, including invasions of non-native plants. The existence of many animal species depends on the existence of sagebrush steppe habitat. The greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) is a landscape-dependent bird that requires intact habitat and combinations of sagebrush and perennial grasses to exist.
Sage-Grouse Require Sagebrish Steppe Infographic
Sage-Grouse Require Sagebrish Steppe Infographic
Sage-Grouse Require Sagebrish Steppe Infographic
Restoration handbook for sagebrush steppe ecosystems with emphasis on greater sage-grouse habitat—Part 2. Landscape level restoration decisions